The Real Story Behind the Dasani Water Scandals
From a parasitic worm lurking inside the bottles to high levels of bromate, Dasani water bottles have had their fair share of controversies. But which are fact and which are fiction?
We all know how important it is to keep hydrated while we're out and about. And this is especially true if we're taking the kids out for the day. That's one of the reasons why the bottled water industry in America is said to be worth over $200 billion!
But bottled water doesn't always mean safe water. Since its launch in 1999, Dasani, one of the largest bottled-water brands in the US, has gone through several major scandals. But, what really happened to spark these troubles?
Read on to find out...
The Company Behind Dasani Water
You might be familiar with the name Dasani, you might not. But you will be familiar with the global super company that launched Dasani: Coca Cola. Worth over $170 billion, the company is one of the ten richest in the world,
Unlike Coca Cola's well-known sugary drinks, Dasani purified water contains minerals only. No sugar, no caffeine. According to Dasani's website, its goal is to make purified water accessible.
However, Coca Cola has expanded the Dasani product line to capture the market, adding sparkling water, flavored water, and Dasani Drops, flavor drops that you can add to water to infuse it with different flavors.
This product expansion has helped Dasani water become the second-largest bottled water brand in the US. It's also available in Canada, the UK, Ireland, and South America. In 2018 alone, Dasani made over one billion dollars.
But behind these great sales figures is a murky story. Since 1999, the headlines 'Coca Cola Recalls Dasani Water' have hit our newsstands at least three times.
The 2004 UK Dasani Water Recall: Part 1
In 2004, Coca Cola launched Dasani water in the United Kingdom, rolling out a huge marketing campaign to accompany the launch. Everything seemed to be going well.
But only five weeks later, Coca Cola recalled Dasani. It was a huge embarrassment for the company and cost them millions of dollars. So, what happened?
The scandal came in two parts.
To start with, the British national press caught wind of the source of Dasani's water. Most bottled water in the UK comes from alpine glaciers or natural springs, which is a big selling point and allows manufacturers to pump the price up.
But Dasani water in the UK couldn't claim such an impressive origin. It became known that the Coca Cola factory was collecting and purifying tap water from Sidcup, a district of southeast London. It was hardly the cleanest or most glamorous water source around.
This meant that Dasani water was essentially the same as the water that came out of British residents' tap at home. Anyone with a home purifier could've made it.
There was national outrage throughout the country as the press laid into Coca Cola, who was charging equivalent of about two US dollars for a bottle of tap water.
The people of the UK felt that Coca Cola was tricking them out of money. But this was only the first part of the scandal. Coca Cola pushed on with their campaign until part two hit!
The 2004 UK Dasani Water Recall: Part 2
In March 2004, following a malfunction at the Dasani bottling factory in London, a batch of dangerous minerals, including bromate, contaminated the water. Bromate was suspected by the medical field to possess carcinogenic properties.
This contamination led to Coca Cola recalling half a million bottles of Dasani water, the entire stock that was in British circulation at the time.
A huge blow to the company, this second scandal meant the end of Dasani in the UK. Coca Cola ended its campaign and retreated. Dasani was subsequently banned in the UK and still is.
But the defeat wasn't just a financial loss for the soft-drinks giant. It was also a huge threat to public health.
Dasani Recall Hoax
In 2017 and 2018, an even larger scandal hit Dasani in the US. In both years, news outlets reported a major Dasani water recall, citing a story by another news website that a parasite found in Dasani water was leading to hospitalization of people who drank it.
The report claimed that the clear parasitic worm caused serious symptoms, including rashes, vomiting, fevers, and bloating.
However, this report was found to be false. Coca Cola published a statement denying the claim and encouraging people to keep drinking Dasani water.
Nevertheless, it caused many Americans to think twice about the bottled water they drink and probably contributed to the rise in drinking water test kits around the country.
Dangerous minerals (and imaginary parasites) aren't the only things that have been thought to contaminate Dasani water bottles.
One 2018 study tested bottles of water from all of the major bottled-water brands, including Dasani, Evian, Nestle, and Aquafina. The researchers found that most of the bottles contained plastic microparticles so small that they're about the thickness of a human hair.
The study found an average of 10.4 of these microparticles per one-liter bottle of water. And of all the bottles tested, 93% of them contained microparticles, some as high as 10,000! It should also be noted that some of the bottles contained zero.
The microparticles were found to be made of the same plastic that's used to make bottle caps, suggesting that the particles are sloughing off the caps.
To be totally fair to bottled water, the study also found that purified tap water also contains plastic microparticles, although it's about half the average rate of bottled water.
The World Health Organization called for more research into the finding and stated that there's no current evidence that plastic microparticles have any impact on human health.
The Bottom Line
To sum up all of the Dasani scandals, two of them occurred in the United Kingdom and a third in the US.
- The first involved the fact that Dasani was using London tap water and further purifying it, rather than collecting water from a natural spring or alpine glacier.
- The second occurred when Dasani added potentially dangerous amounts of bromate to its water.
- The third involving a parasite was found to be a total hoax.
- The fourth issue of plastic microparticles affects all bottled and tap water, and hasn't been shown to be damaging to human health. This one can't be pinned on Dasani specifically.
So now, we've sorted the fact from the fiction when it comes to Dasani, so that you can make a more informed decision about whether to purchase the brand or not.
However, we at WaterZen strongly encourage you to avoid drinking any brand of bottled water that uses disposable plastic bottles because they require so much energy and carbon emissions to produce, and they result in so much waste in our oceans and landfills.
In the future, you'd be better off filtering your water at home and filling your reusable water bottles. Check out 2019's best home water filters here. And invest in a great water bottle for when you're out and about!
WaterZen exists to improve your family's health by making information about the water you drink more accessible, straightforward, and easy-to-understand. We do this by providing clear, simple water-quality information for your area based on data from your local water provider, unbiased comparisons, health standards, and expert opinions.
The way we see it, what you're informed about the quality of your water and then empowered to protect your family (and your community), you've achieved "water zen".